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Travel and practical information concering Trondheim

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About Trondheim (compiled from http://www.visit-trondheim.com/)

The Leiv Eriksson Monument
The Leiv Eriksson Monument with Munkholmen in the background.
Copyright © Roger Midtstraum
Trondheim is a meeting place. A meeting of the old and the new. Of the crown and the church. Of warriors and peddlers. Of grassroots and high technology. More than a thousand years have passed since the Viking king Olav Tryggvason sailed up the Trondheim fjord in his longship and decided that this was where he would found his city, which he called Nidaros (997 AD). From his 18-metre high statue he surveys the city now, over a thousand years later.

In the early Middle Ages Norway's kings were acclaimed at Øretinget in Trondheim, the "thing" or assembly place at the mouth of the river Nidelven. Harald Hårfagre (Harald Fairhair) (865 - 933 AD) was crowned there, and since then all the country's kings right up to our own time have been crowned or blessed in Trondheim. Harald Fairhair had a royal estate at Lade in Trondheim, which was later to become the seat of the powerful Lade earls.

A picture of St Olav at the western wall of Nidaros Cathedral
St Olav at the western wall of Nidaros Cathedral.
Copyright © Roger Midtstraum

Olav II Haraldsson, also known as St. Olav, Norway's patron saint, fell at the battle of Stiklestad in 1030 and was laid to rest in Nidaros as the city was named at that time. Since then several kings of the Middle Ages have found their final resting place in Trondheim. Encouraged by the legend surrounding St. Olav and the church built on the site of his grave, Trondheim gained popularity as one of North Europe's important pilgrimage centres in the Middle Ages.

A picture of the Archbishop's Palace
Archbishop's Palace.
Copyright © Roger Midtstraum

The city became the seat of the archbishop and the crown, and was the country's first capital for two hundred years, a prospering centre for trade, shipping and culture. Norway's crown jewels are kept in Trondheim, and will be the centre of a special exhibition in 2006.

Trondheim has experienced several major fires. Since the city mainly is built out of wood, this has led to severe damage every time. The fire in 1681 led to an almost total reconstruction of the city, overseen by General Johan Caspar von Cicignon (originally from Luxembourg). His new city plan was revolutionary as it had wide straight thoroughfares in the hope of avoiding the spread of fire.

A picture of the Main University Building
The Main University Building.
Copyright © Roger Midtstraum

Trondheim is a city of schools, with many educational institutions. The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is the second largest university in Norway and a national centre for technological education and research. Trondheim is often called the technological capital of Norway, due to its good reputation for a professional research environment.

Trondheim is the third largest city in Norway, and a major centre for high technology research and education. One big village - or a small city. Where past and present meet.